Freshwater Fish Identification
Hybrid Striped Bass
Morone saxatilis x Morone chrysops
Other names: Palmetto Bass
Status: Texas game fish
Hybrid striped bass (striped bass crossbred with white bass) are stocked in
many areas because of their quick growth and good survival characteristics. They
tend to have the deeper body shape of a white bass, but often have two tooth
patches in the back of the tongue as striped bass do. Genetic testing may be
needed to distinguish between hybrids and their parent species.
Striped bass and white bass are the fourth and fifth most preferred species
among Texas anglers. Hybrids carry desirable characteristics from both species.
They typically exceed the maximum size for white bass, but usually grow to a
smaller size than stripers. The state record is 19.66 pounds, but hybrids rarely
exceed 10 pounds.
Hybrid striped bass produced at Texas state fish hatcheries are the "original
cross," a female striped bass crossed with a white bass male. They seldom
produce viable offspring, so populations must be maintained by restocking.
Hybrids are more aggressive than striped bass and tolerant to a wider range of
biological and environmental conditions. For this reason, they may be preferred
over striped bass for stocking at certain locations.
Approximately 2 million hybrid striped bass fingerlings are stocked in Texas
fisheries each year.
to temperate basses group